Human Genome Project
Begun formally in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome
Project was a 13-year effort coordinated by the U.S. Department
of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. The project
originally was planned to last 15 years, but rapid technological
advances accelerated the completion date to 2003. Project goals
To help achieve these goals, researchers also
studied the genetic makeup of several nonhuman organisms. These
include the common human gut bacterium Escherichia coli, the
fruit fly, and the laboratory mouse.
A unique aspect of the U.S. Human Genome Project
is that it was the first large scientific undertaking to address
potential ELSI implications arising from project data.
Another important feature of the project was
the federal government's long-standing dedication to the transfer
of technology to the private sector. By licensing technologies
to private companies and awarding grants for innovative research,
the project catalyzed the multibillion-dollar U.S. biotechnology
industry and fostered the development of new medical applications.
Sequence and analysis of the human genome
working draft was published in February 2001 and April 2003
issues of Nature and Science. See an index of these papers and
learn more about the insights gained from them.
Site of the U.S. Human Genome Project, Genomics:GTL Program,
and Microbial Genome Program--all sponsored by the U.S. Department
of Energy Genome Programs.
Genome Project Information
The main homepage for Human Genome Project information --what
the project is; its progress, history, and goals; what issues
are associated with genome research; frequently asked questions,
the science behind the project; who its sponsors are.
Promotes research in basic and applied human and
Genetics Society of Australasia
Promote standards, research, and education.
International Federation of Human Genetics Societies
Provides a forum for organized groups including
research, clinical practice, and professional.
HGU - Medical Research Council Human Genetics Unit
Undertakes research to obtain a molecular and
cellular understanding of genetic factors.
Institute of Human Genetics
Features graduate program and current faculty
research interests in areas of human genetics.
- International Communication Forum in Human Molecular ...
Features a mailing list, table of contents of
leading journals, listings of meetings and seminars.