Alkaloid that stimulates alertness and boosts
energy. A herbal compound that enhances alertness and fights fatigue.
Caffeine increases endurance during prolonged activity by increasing
blood epinephrine (adrenaline) levels, thereby allowing fat cells
to break down more readily during aerobic activity. Caffeine also
makes a muscle contraction more forceful.
Most abundant mineral in the body; essential
for the formation and repair of bone and teeth, but also essential
to nerve transmission, muscle contraction, blood clotting and
other metabolic activities as well. Long term calcium deficiency
is linked to degenerative bone diseases.
There are two basic forms of carbohydrates:
Simple & Complex. Simple carbs are usually devoid of fiber
and include such foods as refined sugars, fruit juices, and apple
sauce. The problem with simple carbs is that they promote a large
insulin surge, which can lead to hypoglycemia. Complex carbs are
absorbed more slowly, so they don't cause as great an insulin
surge as the simple type. Primary macronutrient source of energy
in the body; burned as glucose and stored in muscle as glycogen
(excess stored as fat) and includes all sugars (1 gram yields
Non-structural amino acid that transports fatty
acids into muscle cells for use as energy fuel. Carnitine is water-soluble
and can be made in the body from the amino acids lysine and methionine
with the assistance of vitamins C, B6 and Niacin, which act as
coenzymes in the process.
Carnitine as discovered in meat in 1905, and
was once called Vitamin T, because they thought it was a vitamin
at first. 98% of te body's carntine exists in the heart and skelatal
muscles. Carnitine is synthesized in the liver from Lysiine and
Methionine, but half of the body's daily requirement for Carnitine
comes from foods sources, including meat, poultry, fish and some
diary products. Without supplemental carnitine, some people cannot
use fat as energy.
Primary protein found in milk, along with whey
protein. Casein is the insoluble protein fraction of milk. It
is absorbed more slowly than whey and provides the body with amino
acids over an extended period in comparison to whey protein, the
soluble protein fraction in milk.
Metabolic condition in which muscle is broken
down and energy is released.
Protein breakdown in muscles.
An herb used in South American folk medicine
for its anti-inflamatory and immune system protective properties.
Chick Embroyo Extract
This type of extract contains short amino acid
chains called oligopeptides, plus additional essential amino acids
and trace elements (iron, copper, cobalt, selenium, and zinc).
The peptides in the extract possess both cell stimulating and
protective properties. The peptides indicated that they were activating
growth factor receptors in them.
The extract works as a general tonic and stimulates
the adrenal gland, normalizing its function. It also acts as a
mild stimulant and an antidepressant; and it improves libido,
erectile function, sparmatogenesis and other aspects of sexual
function in men and women. It also improves sleep and promotes
Chitosan is a natural product extracted from
Chitin (by products of Crustacean shell extracts). Chitosan and
chitin are waste products of the crab and shrimp industry. It
can be used to inhibit fat digestion and as a drug delivery transport
agent. It also has been used as a cholesterol lowering substance.
Chitosan is marketed as a 'fat blocker'.
It appears that it can impede fat absorption
by 'gelling' with fat in the small intestine. Side effect of Chitosan
is that since it is made from sea food, some people have allergic
responses to it. Also, you need a high concentration of Chitosan
for it to 'gel' with fat.
A B-fatty acid involved in the production of
neurotransmitters in the brain that regulate mood, appetite, behavior,
memory, etc. Most effective in phosphatidyl choline form. It is
believed to help concentration and alertness. Studies indicate
that it improves cognitive performance. Blood levels of choline
decrease during prolonged exercise.
A fat-like sterol used by the body for production
of hormones (including testosterone), vitamin D and cell membranes;
high levels in the blood stream are a marker for heart disease.
One of the elements that is found in lecithin.
Considered important in the transmission of nerve impulses. Choline
is involved in the formation of the neurotransmitter acetycholine.
Choline has been linked to reducing body fat and improving exercise
Chondroitin is extracted from bovine tracheas
or shark cartilage. It is a major component of connective tissue,
especially cartilage. Chondroitin can stimulate repair of cartilage
cells and also black enzymes that damage joints.
Chromium / Chromium Picolinate
Chromium increases the efficiency of the hormone
insulin, which the pancreas releases after you eat carbohydrates
or protein. Chromium acts to make the receptor of muscle cells
more sensitive to insulin (which allows you to store more carbohydrates
in the muscle cells as glycogen rather than in fat cells as lipids).
Insulin also helps muscles use amino acids for building protein
rather than breaking them down. Chromium can promote modest muscular
gains and decreases in bodyfat (thus helps build lean mass). Exercise
increases the excretion rate of chromium.
An anti-aromatase, which means it stops excess
testosterone from converting to estrogen. Also, a compound with
significant antiviral activity - especially in relation to the
HIV. It is possible that Chrysin taken in the correct dosage could
reduce cortisol secretion due to the body's sensing less stress.
Chrysin may act as an anti estrogen by inhibiting aromatase activity,
limiting the conversion of testosterone to estrogen.
This drug is classified as a Beta-2 agonist,
and is used for treating asthma. It is not an anabolic steroid,
or a growth hormone. Currently, it is not approved for sale in
the United States, but it is sold in Europe, under various names,
such as Spiropent, Monores, and Ventipulmin.
Researchers in 1987 noted an unusual effect
in animals when using this drug. Their muscles grew, while they
lost body fat. The main side effects associated with this drug
include tremors, heart rhythm disturbances, headaches, nervousness,
excessive sweating and insomnia.
Bodybuilders use it because it mimics the actions
of Epinephrine. It simulates a process called Thermogenesis, which
turns fat calories into heat and which results in a loss of body
fat. The side effects start when you use more than 80 micrograms
or more. The dosage that's used to treat asthma is around 20 to
40 micrograms twice a day. The muscle building dose would be over
80 micrograms in humans, but scientists consider it to be dangerous
and unethical. Another problem is that any effects you get from
it wears off rapidly. Bodybuilders who have used this drug show
that it is better for promoting fat burning than for muscle building.
This antioxidant is shown to have heart protective
and energy productive properties. Co-Q10 is involved in cellular
energy production. Several studies have reported improved endurance
after taking Co-Q10. It is considered one of the best antioxidants.
Colostrum is a fluid produced by the mammary
glands of female mammals prior to milk production. It has a high
concentration of immunoglobins, antimicrobial agents and hormone
factors. Colostrum provides major immune and gastrointestinal
Bovine Colostrum usually comes from cows, a
dairy product that has similar properties to human colostrum.
Normally, adults cannot absorb colotrum's antobodies and growth
factors the way a newborn can. But it still has superior nutritional
values which may make it a useful supplement.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)
CLA occurs naturally in whole milk and red
meat. A collective term used to designate a mixture of positional
and geometric isomers of the essential fat linoleic acid. It is
actually a fat, derived from linoleic acid (an essential fatty
acid). Studies have shown that CLA can increase lean body mass
and decrease fat, inhibit the growth of tumors and enhance immune
function. CLA is found naturally in beef, cheese and whole milk.
Active in the storage and release of iron to
form hemoglobin for red blood cells.
A catabolic hormone that is released and increases
in response to stress when the body is subjected to trauma such
as intense exercises, including weight training. Excess cortisol
is known to increase catabolism (protein breakdown in muscles).
Cortisol leads to muscle breakdown through promoting a release
of muscle amino acids for transport to the liver, where the amino
acids are converted into glucose.
A muscle fuel that is extracted naturally from
meat and fish, or synthesized in the lab. Once it is in the muscles,
creatine combines with phosphorous to make Creatine Phosphate
(CP), a high powered chemical that rebuilds the muscles ultimate
energy source, Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP). CP powers your muscles
for high intensity exercise for short periods only, consequently,
athletes who compete in power and sprint event will have an advantage
if they take supplemental creatine. More CP in the muscle cell
translates into a greater resistance to fatigue. Also, CP helps
with the transfer of energy in the muscle cells, thus speeding
up the action, which may enhance performances that are aerobically
taxing. Reports says people who take creatine supplements may
recover from intense activity faster and experience less post
exercise muscle soreness.
Creatine is a naturally occurring compound in
the muscle tissue and when converted in the muscle tissue to phosphocreatine
during exercise can provide sudden bursts of energy. Insufficient
amounts of phosphocreatine could result in a fatigued feeling
in the muscle. The Creatine Monohydrate Powder provides enough
energy to delay to onset of fatigue.
Creatine Monohydrate is a synthesized metabolite
that is the powerful energizer providing instant energy and strength
with better endurance and helps to maintain optimal levels of
ATP production during intense exercise.
Why Monohydrate? Creatine comes in several forms.
Creatine Monohydrate, Creatine Phosphate, and liquid form. Creatine
Phosphate is much more expensive to manufacture while it offers
no advantage. Liquid creatine has many problems associated with
it. When mixing creatine monohydrate with a protein drink, or
water, the creatine starts to become unstable. Within 24 hours,
the creatine begins to change or ‘fallout’ into creatinine.
Creatinine is a useless substance to the body. Thus, buying a
premixed liquid form of creatine is not a legitimate product.
The best absorbed form of creatine is the creatine monohydrate.
Creatine monohydrate is better absorbed because it is more stable,
resulting in higher concentration of available creatine.
Creatine & ATP. ATP is the molecule that
releases the energy for contraction of muscles, the breakdown
and synthesis of proteins and all other reactions requiring energy.
In short, ATP is the energy molecule powering all of our movements.
By giving off its energy through its high energy phosphate bond,
ATP is reduced to ADP. The problem is that the amount of ATP that
is stored in our cells is limited. Depending on the intensity
of the activity, ATP supplies can be used up by converting to
ADP within seconds.
So how do athletes run or workout for long periods.
We can do that because there are three way to replenish ATP.
1) You can restore ATP using energy derived
from the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates. This is a slow process
that occurs in the mitochondria.
2) You can restore ATP through lactic acid,
which is utilized to produce energy, which turns ADP back into
3) Through Creatine Monohydrate, which helps
creatine phosphate create more ATP from ADP within seconds. It
is a short term, high energy backup for ATP. It does not need
carbohydrates, fats or oxygen to recharge ATP.
"Man who say it
cannot be done should not interrupt man doing it."
- Chinese Proverb
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