Vitamin A is a vitamin with antioxidant properties,
important for eye protection and bone growth; protein and hormone
synthesis (including GH and testosterone); supports tissue maintenance.
Helps reduce susceptibility to infection. Essential for healthy
skin, good blood, strong bones and teeth, kidneys, bladder, lungs
An artificial sweetener. Approved in 1988,
this sweetener is 200 times sweeter than sugar, yet has a bitter
taste. The 'K' in its name stands or potassium. Acesulfame-K is
not metabolized by the body. You can cook and bake with it. There
are no reported side effects with this sweetener although it may
increase insulin secretion, which can cause concern for diabetics.
The acetyl ester of carnitine, ALC acts as
an antioxidant, has protective effects in the brain, and stimulates
hormone (including testosterone) release.
An amino acid. BCAAs are used as a source of
energy for muscle cells. During prolonged exercise, BCAAs are
released from skeletal muscles and their carbon backbones are
used as fuel, while their nitrogen portion is used to form another
amino acid, Alanine. Alanine is then converted to Glucose by the
liver. This form of energy production is called the Alanine-Glucose
cycle, and it plays a major role in maintaining the body's blood
Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)
A sulfur bearing phytonutrient with antioxidant
properties; amplifies effects of other antioxidants. It is an
insulin potentiator that may be, in some respects, the very best
insulin mimicker. An analogy of what ALA does is that if ALA was
an individual, he would be the one which yells at the muscle cells
to pick up the key, open the door, and help bring in the creatine.
ALA is a sulfur bearing compound with antioxidant
properties. It plays a role in energy metabolism. ALA amplifies
the ability of other antioxidants to combat free radicals and
enhance recovery. Also may enhance insulin sensitivity, improving
the body's ability to add lean mass and reduce fat.
Nitrogen-bearing organic acids that are the
building blocks of protein. The branched chain amino acids are
Leucine, Valine and Isoleucine.
Metabolic condition in which new molecules
are synthesized (growth).
An androgen (male hormone). Androgens are produced
in two sites in the male body - most originate in the testes,
but some potent male hormones are produced by the adrenal glands,
located just above the kidneys. Androstenedione is a pivotal adrenal
steroid that's actually one step closer to being converted to
testosterone than DHEA. It raises your testosterone levels and
can provide more strength.
Androstenedione really does raise testosterone
above normal levels and could be hazardous. Side effects include
acne, male baldness, and a decrease in 'good' cholesterol, which
may lead to heart disease. This supplement might be reclassified
as a steroid by the FDA, and it is banned in the NFL, Olympics,
and other major sports organizations.
Any substances that prevent or impede cell
oxidation (destruction) by free radicals, etc.
A conditionally essential amino acid with anabolic
and immune system supportive effects. It is required for growth,
immune function, wound healing and many aspects of protein metabolism.
Arginine is necessary for the production of growth hormone. It
is also a precursor for nitric oxide, a critical substance that
helps regulate the function of cardiovascular, nervous and immune
systems and which is essential for muscle growth.
Also known as Vitamin C. A water soluble vitamin,
and an antioxidant. Your body cannot store Vitamin C, so you must
supplement it regularly. It is not resistant to heat, so cooking
will destroy it. Vitamin C functions primarily in the formation
of collagen, the chief protein substance of your body's framework.
It also helps in the production of vital body chemicals. Vitamin
C also is a detoxifier (helping cleanse your body of toxins).
An artificial sweetener. Known by the trade
name NutraSweet, it is an artificial sweetener. Certain people
should avoid products that contain Aspartame. They are people
who cannot metabolize the amino acid Phenylalanine, which is an
ingredient in aspartame; and people who are suspectable to headaches.
It is nearly 200 times sweeter than sugar. Aspartame is produced
from the amino acids L-asartic acid and L=phenylalannine. It has
been approved for use in certain goods since 1981. Heat causes
aspartame to lose its sweetness, therefore, you can't bake with
it. Unlike some sweetners, it has no aftertaste.
Can reduce soreness after a hard workout, or
lower your risk of heart disease. Can also reduce your risk for
throat or stomach cancer.
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
The body's energy currency, released when fuel
molecules are broken down.