Important for the formation of red blood cells.
Aids in the conversion of protein into energy. Necessary for healthy
skin, and hair pigmentation.
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B-5)
A vitamin which supports carbohydrate, protein
and fat metabolism; hemoglobin synthesis. Helps release energy
from protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Needed to support a variety
of body functions, including the maintenance of a healthy digestive
A soluble fiber found in the skins of fruits
(apples and peaches) and vegetables. One study found that eating
Pectin will make you feel full longer. Researchers speculate that
Pectin may slow digestin and keep food in your stomach longer.
An ingredient which has been shown to effectively
prevent the body from absorbing up to 35 grams of unwanted starch
per meal. It is found in white kidney beans.
An amino acid, one of the main ingredients
to enhance brain function. It has also been used to relieve stress.
A phospholid. An ingredient which may block
cortisol (a hormone which breaks down muscle cells into fuel).
Alsom reported to increase levels of glucose, the brain's energy
Mineral that is structural component of all
cells (including muscle); necessary for energy metabolism, protein
synthesis, and growth / maintenance of all tissues.
Polyphenols are potent and wide ranging in
their physiological prperties. They are antioxidants, cancer preventatives,
cavity and gingivitis preventatives, prebiotics and even internal
Mineral that helps maintain cellular integrity
and water balance, nerve transmission and energy metabolism; necessary
for muscle contraction. Potassium helps to lower blood pressure,
lower risk of stroke, maintain muscle balance and prevent muscle
cramping. Potassium helps to reduce the amount of sodium in the
The "mother" steroid hormone from
which most other steroid (sex) hormones are made, including DHEA.
Has beneficial neurotransmitter effects.
Potent antioxidant phytonutrient found in some
pine needles (pycnogenol) and grape seeds and skins (grape seed
extract), it is especially synergistic with vitamin C making them
more powerful antioxidants together than by themselves.
Primary macronutrient for growth and maintenance
of our body's structural parts (including muscle). Cannot be stored,
so must be replenished through diet. (1 gram=4 calories).
Source of protein with high Protein Efficiency
Ratio, usually in egg white form (albumin) when used in protein
powder to avoid cholesterol in egg yolk. Egg protein is the standard
by which all other proteins are measured because of its very high
ration of indispensable amino acids (also called essential amino
acids because they must be supplied to the body from food or supplements)
to dispensable amino acids.
Soy protein does not offer much benefits to
a bodybuilder. Soy protein does not form a good curd in the stomach,
thus making it a fast protein. The amino acid pattern in soy is
inferior to that of milk proteins, and not as favorable toward
Dairy source of protein (other than cassein),
known for high levels of BCAA's and high nitrogen retention. Made
from milk curd, whey protein is the Rolls Royce of proteins because
it has a superior amino acid composition (including high levels
of leucine, arguably the most important branched chain amino acid),
superior biological value (meaning that more of what you eat gets
digested and into your system), is very low in lactose (a milk
sugar that most adults have difficulty digesting).
Protein (Whey Hydrolyzed)
When you hydrolyze whey protein, you permanently
modify the native protein structure, meaning that the protein
has been denatured. A denatured whey protein has little or no
biological activity. The hydrolysis process breaks apart peptide
bonds, which destroys the protein structure and the bital whey
protein biological activity. However, you still get the amino
acids of whey proteins from the hydrolyzed whey protein. Half
the reason bodybuilders eat protein is to obtain these healthful
smaller protein chains.
Protein (Whey Ion-Exchange)
This special process revolved around the positive
and negative charges or ion properties of whey protein. It featured
the use of a resin to isolate the protein material from the whey.
This is followed by ultrafiltration methods to further concentrate
the protein. This contains 90% protein, and less than 1% lactose.
True ion exchange whey protein is clear in a solution.
Protein (Whey Microfiltration)
Microfiltration Whey Protein features filtering
membranes with microscopic holes. This is also sometimes called
Cross-Flow filtration, or Nanofiltration, depending on the size
of the holes of the filtering membranes.
It is a weed that is edible, and sometimes
put on salads, mostly in Europe. It is loaded with linolenic acid,
and omega-3 fatty acid that may help reduce the risk of heart
attack, and improve the health of cell membranes in the eyes and
brain. It is also an excellent source of Vitamin E, providing
6 times as much as spinach.
Source of proanthocyanadins.
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B-6)
A vitamin which supports glycogen and nitrogen
metabolism; production and transport of amino acids; production
and maintenance of red blood cells (hemoglobin) Essential for
the body's utilization of protein. Needed for the production of
red blood cells, nerve tissues, and antibodies. Women taking oral
contraceptives have lower levels of B-6.
A key energy metabolite for the breakdown of
fuel (glucose, fatty acids, amino acids, etc.) to energy in our
bodies, pyruvate can give us increased energy, assist in burning
fat as fuel, and have anticatabolic effects (such as producing
alanine). Pyruvate acid is alpha - ketopropionic acid. Studies
have shown that pyruvate can help decrease fatigue, and increase
vigor with only six grams per day.
The human body breaks down carbohydrates for
energy though a process called glycolysis. As these sugars and
starches are metabolized, pyruvate (pyruvic acid) is produced,
which readily enters the mitochondria of cells to create energy
fueling the muscles and other parts of the body.